Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss    12 Targets    14 Indicators

Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

12 Targets

14 Indicators

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements.   INDICATORS    15.1.1  Forest area as a proportion of total land area   15.1.2  Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements.

INDICATORS

15.1.1 Forest area as a proportion of total land area

15.1.2 Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally.   INDICATOR    15.2.1  Progress towards sustainable forest management

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally.

INDICATOR

15.2.1 Progress towards sustainable forest management

By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world.   INDICATOR    15.3.1  Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area

By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world.

INDICATOR

15.3.1 Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area

By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development.   INDICATORS    15.4.1  Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity   15.4.2  Mountain Green Cover Index

By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development.

INDICATORS

15.4.1 Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity

15.4.2 Mountain Green Cover Index

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species.    INDICATOR    15.5.1  Red List Index

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species.

INDICATOR

15.5.1 Red List Index

Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed.   INDICATOR    15.6.1  Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits

Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed.

INDICATOR

15.6.1 Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits

Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products.   INDICATOR    15.7.1  Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked

Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products.

INDICATOR

15.7.1 Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked

By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species.   INDICATOR    15.8.1  Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species

By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species.

INDICATOR

15.8.1 Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts.   INDICATOR    15.9.1  Progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts.

INDICATOR

15.9.1 Progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020

Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems.   INDICATOR    15.a.1  Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems

Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems.

INDICATOR

15.a.1 Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems

Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation.   INDICATOR    15.b.1  Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems

Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation.

INDICATOR

15.b.1 Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems

Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities.   INDICATOR    15.c.1  Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked

Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities.

INDICATOR

15.c.1 Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked